22nd Pasir Gudang World Kite Festival

The Most Awaited Event of The Year

22nd Pasir Gudang World Kite Festival

Kite Competitions and Show of Various Size and Colours

22nd Pasir Gudang World Kite Festival

International Participation from 30 Countries

Event Date : Feb 2018

Till We Meet Next Year

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Quick Info

Location
The third largest and southernmost state in Malaysia Johor covers an area of 19,984 sq. km. To its north are the states of Malacca and Pahang; its west the Straits of Malacca; its east the South China Sea ; and its south Singapore , which is accessible via two road and rail causeways. Johor’s highest point is Gunung Ledang at 1,276m.
Population
Johor ’s population exceeds 2 million people, comprising an ethnic mix of mainly Malay, Chinese, and Indians.
Climate
Johor’s climate is tropical  with temperature hovering around 26°C to 27°C throughout the year. During the months of January to April, the weather is generally dry and warm. Humidity is consistently high ranging between 82% to 86%. The average rainfall per year is 2,030 mm to 3,050 mm with the heaviest rainfall in the months of May to December.

Currency

MYR or Ringgit Malaysia is the official currency of the state, exchanging any currency here is not a problem with a lot of foreign exchange counters avaible in town or local banks

 
   

The economic activity of Johor is dominated by agriculture, manufacturing, commerce and tourism. It is also the nation’s major producer of palm oil, rubber, pineapples and bananas.

Around Johor Bahru and other major towns, one can find many industrial estates that produce electronic components, electrical appliances, furniture, textiles and petrochemical products. Commerce activities especially retailing has recently become a focus with emergence of various hypermarkets, shopping Mall and supermarkets within Johor Bahru itself.

Amongst availble shopping heavens are Plaza Kotaraya,Komtar, Plaza Angsana, Plaza Pelangi, City Square, Holiday Plaza, Jaya Jusco in Tebrau, Permas Jaya and Taman Universiti as well as Giants outlets in Skudai, Pelangi and Johor Jaya

  Johor consists of eight districts: Johor Bahru, Pontian, Batu Pahat, Muar, Mersing, Kota Tinggi, Kluang and Segamat.

Its vast landscape is characterised by plantations of pineapple, rubber, coconut and oil palm on the fringes at which nestle tranquil kampungs and quaint fishing villages.

Retaining much of its natural splendour, the state has miles of golden sand beaches and beautiful offshore islands with clear waters which are excellent for diving. The state is also endowed with several internationally-acclaimed forest reserves. Nature lovers will find the Endau-Rompin National Park located on the Johor-Pahang border an unforgettable experience. This lush and virgin lowland dipterocarp forest is home to several rare and endangered species, including the two-horned rhinoceros. Its hills have been estimated to be nearly 250 million years old.

Johor also has some of the best golf courses in the country.

  Getting There
   

Johor is the southernmost State in the Peninsular Malaysia. The State is bounded on the north by Malacca and Pahang, on the west by the Straits of Malacca, on the east by South China Sea and on the south by Singapore.

The State covers an area of 18,986 sq km. Johor’s highest point is Gunung Ledang.

On the whole, Johors climate is tropical monsoon. The temperature is relatively uniform within the range of 26°C to 27°C throughout the year. During the months of January to April, the weather is generally dry and warm. Humidity is consistently high on the lowlands ranging between 82% to 86% per annum. The average rainfall per year is 2,030 mm to 3,050 mm and the wettest months are from May to December

 

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Johor’s history can be traced to the 16th century. It began in 1511 when Sultan Mahmud of the Malacca Sultanate, after losing Malacca to the Portuguese, fled to Johor. From there, he battled to try to recapture Malacca from the Portuguese. He did not succeed and died in Kampar, in Sumatra in 1528.

Meanwhile, the Kingdom of Aceh, on the northern tip of Sumatra, was steadily gaining in economic and political strength. The Acehnese were in constant conflict with the Portuguese in Malacca as part of their ambition to gain control of the region. At the same time, the Johor Sultanate, with imperialist ambitions of its own, did not give up its desire to recapture Malacca. This resulted in the Aceh-Malacca-Johor war.

When the Dutch came to this region, they allied with Johor for a combined successful attack on the Portuguese, giving both the Johoreans and the Dutch the military confidence to expand their intertwined empires economically.By the end of 17th century, the Johor Empire was among the strongest in the region. However, a war with the Bugis of Celebes in 1716 weakened Johor.

The Dutch East India Company’s control of Riau-Johor in 1784 ended the Bugis domination in Johor. In 1819, the squabble between the Malay and Bugis factions in Johor gave Stamford Raffles an opportunity to put Singapore – until then, a swampy southern outpost of the empire – under British control.

Sultan Abu Bakar, who became the Sultan in 1885 is fondly remembered as the “Father of Modern Johor”, as he is credited with laying the foundation for developing Johor into a modern state. He first transformed Johor Bahru from a humble fishing village into a thriving new town. Thereafter, he extended the development to other parts of Johor, in particular the townships of Muar and Batu Pahat.

Sultan Abu Bakar was the first Malay ruler to visit England. He became the personal friend of Queen Victoria. He used western methods to manage Johor’s internal affairs and secured the personal services and advice of British businessmen and professionals. He introduced a modern public administration system, known as the Johor Civil Service and gave the State its first constitution.

These successes, and his contacts with people in high places in London and Singapore, convinced the British that his government was good and stable and thus, deferred the appointment of a British advisor to help him rule Johor, the only Malay state to be given this degree of independence.

His successor, Sultan Ibrahim, tried to continue his predecessor’s independence-minded policies, but reigned at the time when the British power was at its height. In 1914, Sultan Ibrahim reluctantly accepted a British General Advisor, which effectively put Johor under British control.

Throughout the period of British rule, Johor succeeded in maintaining a strong identity of its own. Its leaders played a major role in the post-1945 independence movement, including the formation of the United Malay National Organisation (UMNO) in 1946. Dato’ Onn bin Jaafar, a former Menteri Besar (Chief Minister) of Johor was the founder of UMNO.

 

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